Located just outside Chicago

Materials Guide for Custom Wire Form and Spring Design

Browse our guide for information about spring design and wire form material properties.

Materials for Custom Spring and Wire Forming

To meet your industry’s diverse needs, Master Spring specializes in manufacturing custom springs and wire forms from a broad range of material types. Some of the most common types we create include music wire, stainless steel (type 302, type 316 and type 17-7 PH), hard drawn, chrome silicon, and phosphor bronze. Coupling this selection with our years of expertise in the industry, we standout by producing the types of springs and wire forms other manufactures simply will not quote.

One of the spring design resources we use is this Properties of Materials Guide, which lists common wire materials used for springs and wire forms.  It also lists common flat stock or strip materials used in stampings.  The guide shows the nominal chemistry, minimum tensile strength, maximum operating temperatures, Rockwell hardness, and suitable uses for each material.

Common Extension Spring and Wire Form Materials:

    • High Carbon Spring Wire
    • Carbon and Alloy Wire
    • Hard Drawn Wire
    • Alloy Steel Wire
    • Stainless Steel Wire
    • Non-ferrous Alloy Wire
    • High Temperature Alloy Wire
    • Special Purpose Alloy Wire
    • And Many More!

Need some assistance?

Do you need any help figuring out what materials your spring or wire form needs? Wondering if we can create the right springs for you? Why don’t you contact us to find out? Our engineers and customer support team are standing by to help you however we can to get you the best in customized wire form and spring manufacturing.

Download the PDF

Types of Spring and Wire Forming Material


Find expert information on springs and wire forms

From terminology to properties of wire materials, this is your technical resource for everything spring and wire form related.


One stop for All Your Production Requirements

From grinding, chamfering, drilling and threading to assembly and special packaging, we pride ourselves on delivering a full-service line of production services.


Prototyping, Design, Analysis & More!

From rapid prototyping to capability analysis, our engineers have the expertise to resolve even your toughest spring and wire form design challenge.


An ISO 9001 Registered Spring Manufacturer

With a rigorous quality assurance policy, we remain proudly committed to ensuring we are delivering springs and wire forms that match your exacting quality standards.


Answering All Your Ordering Questions

From first piece approval to order terms and "just in time" delivery, this section is dedicated to answering all your spring and wire form ordering questions.

A Torsion Spring Success Story

Manufacturing Springs for Commercial Lighting

At Master Spring and Wire Form, we take great pride in working with OEM engineers to improve their products by improving their spring and wire form components – and we think that this double torsion spring for commercial lights is a great example of that expertise.


© Master Spring and Wire Form Co.

1340 Ardmore Ave., Itasca, IL 60143

Phone: 708.453.2570 | Fax: 708-453-6420